The Municipal Health Department of São Paulo released a report showing that 95% of people living with HIV attended by the city hall between the years 2017 and 2020 regularly use antiretrovirals and, therefore, have an undetectable viral load.
The numbers exceed the expectations stipulated by the document “Declaration of Paris” in December 2014 by the Joint United Nations Program on HIV and AIDS (UNAIDS). The goal is that cities around the world face HIV in order to eradicate AIDS by 2030 and, for that, the declaration created the goal 90-90-90 for 2020, each of which refers to a percentage of people with HIV being diagnosed; that they are on antiretrovial therapy; and achieve an undetectable charge.
Another positive finding shows that people who started treatment less than thirty days after the virus was discovered increased considerably. In 2016, the number was only 13.8%, while in 2020 it reached almost 70%. In addition, four years ago it took an average of six months to start taking antiretrovirals, while it is now 23 days.
Those who have had an undetectable viral load for six months do not transmit the virus through sexual intercourse and, therefore, the objective is that all those living with HIV should have this status; thereby decreasing the transmission rate considerably. The goal is that by 2030, AIDS will be eradicated worldwide.
The report also points out that the positive data are also related to the policies of the Municipality of SP, which expanded the distribution of condoms in health units, bus terminals and in more than 40 metro and CPTM stations; took quick test actions around the city; implemented and expanded the Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) – the capital of São Paulo currently represents around 45% of the total number of people registered in PreP do Brasil – and carried out a large number of Post-Exposure Prophylaxis (PEP).
São Paulo also received a certification from the Ministry of Health for having managed to eliminate mother-to-child transmission of HIV, which is when mother-to-child transmission occurs during pregnancy.
To access the report, just enter this link.