The Argentine government has put into practice the determination that 1% of all positions and contracts in the public sector must go to transvestites, transsexuals and transgender people. The information was published by Ponte Jornalismo (via Marie Claire) and the registration can be done on the official website of the Argentine government, where the jobs are listed. Trans people do not need to have their documents rectified to participate.
The record was presented last week during the ceremony at the Casa Rosada Women’s Salon, attended by organizations that fight for the rights of trans people, government officials and national agencies, legislators and union representatives.
The LGBTQI+ movement’s claim was instituted by presidential decree in September 2020 and regulated in January this year. The Register of Voluntary Annotation of Transvestites, Transsexuals and Transgender is aimed at people who want to enter the public sector of the country. According to the government website, the Labor Quotas Decree (No. 721/2020) seeks transparency in the trans population’s access to employment in the civil service.
As in Brazil, in Argentina the life expectancy of transvestites and transgender people is 35 years and there is a lack of access to formal jobs for this population, which ends up resorting to prostitution as a means of survival. The estimate came from a report released in 2015 by the Federation of Gays, Lesbians, Bisexuals and Trans.
“Every transvestite, transsexual or transgender has the right to decent and productive work, to fair and satisfactory working conditions and to protection against unemployment, without discrimination by gender identity or its expression (….) This decree establishes positive action measures in order to begin to repair the violations that have historically been committed against transvestites, transsexuals and transgender people in our country, including the application of Law No. 25,164 with respect to the human rights of this group”, informs the official document.
In addition to the quota for transgender people, Argentina has advanced in relation to transgender rights over the past few years. In 2007, the Argentine Supreme Court of Justice ruled that minors have the legal right to make the transition if they are diagnosed with gender identity disorder, with the right to change their name in the civil registry. In 2012, the Gender Identity Law came, allowing transgender people to be registered in their personal documents with their name and gender according to their identification.